Drive shafts are vehicle components for power transmission. They are part of the powertrain. Joint shafts transmit the force transmission to the wheels while propeller shafts are used as longitudinal shafts usually during the transmission of power to the distributor transmissions. Joint shafts consist of connecting shaft, wheel-side fixed joint and constant joint on the transmission side, and allow spring travel (deflection and springing movements) and steering angle. Both joints are protected against external or environmental influences by grease-filled rubber cuffs during operation. Brittle cuffs cause soiling which increases the noise level and attrition.